Primary school teacher : Job description
Primary school teachers develop schemes of work and lesson plans in line with curriculum objectives. They facilitate learning by establishing a relationship with pupils and by their organisation of learning resources and the classroom learning environment.
Primary school teachers develop and foster the appropriate skills and social abilities to enable the optimum development of children, according to age, ability and aptitude. They assess and record progress and prepare pupils for examinations. They link pupils’ knowledge to earlier learning and develop ways to encourage it further, and challenge and inspire pupils to help them deepen their knowledge and understanding.
Typical work activities
Primary schools in England and Wales are usually divided into the Foundation Stage (ages 3-4, nursery and reception), Key Stage 1 (ages 5-7, years 1 and 2) and Key Stage 2 (ages 7-11, years 3-6). Lower primary usually refers to the Foundation Stage and Key Stage 1 and upper primary is Key Stage 2. In England there is sometimes a middle tier, so that children go to a primary school up until the age of 8 or 9 and then transfer to a middle school until the age of 12 and then move to a secondary school. In Scotland, primary school classes are organised by age from Primary 1 (age 5) to Primary 7 (age 12).
Typical activities are broadly the same for all primary school teachers and include:
- teaching all areas of the primary curriculum;
- taking responsibility for the progress of a class of primary age pupils;
- organising the classroom and learning resources to create a positive learning environment;
- planning, preparing and presenting lessons that cater for the needs of the whole ability range within their class;
- motivating pupils with enthusiastic, imaginative presentation;
- maintaining discipline;
- preparing and marking to facilitate positive pupil development;
- meeting requirements for the assessment and recording of pupils’ development;
- providing feedback to parents on a pupil’s progress at parents’ evenings and other meetings;
- coordinating activities and resources within a specific area of the curriculum, and supporting colleagues in the delivery of this specialist area;
- working with others to plan and coordinate work;
- staying up to date with changes and developments in the structure of the curriculum;
- taking part in school events and activities which may take place at weekends or in the evening;
- liaising with colleagues and working flexibly, particularly in smaller schools;
- Working with parents and school governors (in England, Northern Ireland and Wales) or School Boards (in Scotland) to maximise their involvement in the school and the development of resources for the school.