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  1. Volume 2 Month 9 Day 4 – Teachers day in different countries

    by

    Happy Teachers day…

    Teachers day By country – Vishal Jain

    Country

    Name

    Date

    Notes

    Afghanistan

    Da Maleem Wraz

    24 May

    On this day the schools are going on leave but the students and teachers are coming and celebrate the Teacher’s Day at schools with special tradition food, cookies, music(in some schools) and presents to the teachers.

    Albania

    Festa e m?suesit

    March 7

    In 1867, the first school which taught lessons in Albanian was opened in the small city of

    Argentina

    Dia del Maestro

    September 11

    to honor the work of Domingo Faustino Sarmiento after he died

    Australia

    World Teachers’ Day

    last Friday in October[1]

     

    Azerbaijan

    Beyn?lxalq Mü?lliml?r Günü

    October 5

    Between 1965 and 1994, the first Sunday of October. Since 1994, on October 5, to coincide with the World Teachers’ Day (est. 1994 by UNESCO).

    Bhutan

    Teachers’ Day

    May 2

    Established and marked on the birth anniversary of the third King of Bhutan, who introduced modern education in the country.

    Bolivia

    Día del Maestro

    June 6

     

    Brazil

    Dia do Professor

    October 15

    A decree regulating the elementary schools in Brazil. The celebration gained popularity throughout the country, and October 15 was officially designated Teachers’ Day in 1963.[2]

    Chile

    Día del Profesor

    October 16

    In 1975, the date chosen to celebrate Teachers’ Day was December 10, because on that day, in the year 1945, the Chilean poet Gabriela Mistral received the Nobel Prize. But in 1977, the date was changed to October 16, because of the foundation of the Colegio de Profesores de Chile (Teachers’ College of Chile).[3]

    China (PRC)

    ???

    September 10

    Usually there are some activities for the students to show their appreciation to the teachers, such as presenting gifts including cards and flowers.

    Colombia

    Día del Profesor

    May 15

     

    Croatia

    Dan u?itelja

    October 5

    Classes aren’t held on Teacher’s Day.

    Czech Republic

    Den u?itel?

    March 28

    The birthdate of John Amos Comenius. Czech students nominate the teachers, whose approach most motivates and inspires them, to the competition Zlatý Ámos (Golden Amos). The coronation of “Golden Amos” take place yearly on March 28.[4][5]

    Ecuador

     

    April 13

     

    El Salvador

     

    June 22

    Observed as a national holiday.[6][7]

    Hong Kong

     

    September 10

    Before Hong Kong Handover, Teachers’ day was on September 28, which followed the tradition from Republic of China since 1950s. After the sovereignty was transferred to People’s Republic of China in 1997, the day changed to September 10, which is the same as PRC’s one.

    Hungary

    Pedagógus nap

    First Sunday of June

     

    India

    ?????? ????
    Shikshak Divas

    September 5

    It is the birthday of the second President of India, academic philosopher Dr. Radhakrishnan. It is considered a “celebration” day, where teachers and students report to school as usual but the usual activities and classes are replaced by activities of celebration, thanks and remembrance. At some schools on this day, the responsibility of teaching is taken up by the senior students as an appreciation for their teachers.

    Indonesia

    Hari Guru

    November 25

    National Teacher’s Day is commemorated in the same time as PGRI’s birthday (PGRI= Indonesian’s Teacher Association). National Teacher’s Day in not a holiday, and it is celebrated by having a ceremonial activity by giving a recognition to a certain teachers, head masters, and/ or school attendant.

    Iran

     

    May 2 (Ordibehesht 12 in Iranian Calendar)

    Commemorating the martyrdom of Morteza Motahari on May 2, 1979.

    Jamaica

    Teachers’ Day

    May 6

    Teachers’ Day is normally celebrated on May 6 or the first Wed in May.[8] In celebration of Teachers’ Day, it is common for students and parents to bring teachers gifts. Additionally, most schools are closed early (half-day).

    Lithuania

    mokytojo diena

    October 5

    Between 1965 and 1994, the first Sunday of October. Since 1994, on October 5, to coincide with the World Teachers’ Day (est. 1994 by UNESCO).

    Lebanon

    Eid Al Moalim ( Teachers Celibration day)

    March 3

    Between March 3 and March 9 all the celibrations happen . Lebanese people are known for their love and respect to teachers .

    Malaysia

    Hari Guru

    May 16

    This date was chosen because in the same month in 1956, the Federal Legislative Council of the Malay States had received several suggestions (documents) from the Education Committee regarding Teachers’ Day as the base of education in Malaysia. The document, known as the Razak Report, has become the foundation of education in Malaysia ever since. Although it is not an official school holiday, celebrations are usually held on May 16, or earlier, if it falls on a Saturday or Sunday.

    Mexico

    Día del Maestro

    May 15

     

    Mongolia

    ???? ?????? ?????? ???? (Teacher’s day)

    First weekend of February

     

    Pakistan

    Teacher’s Day

    October 5

    It recognizes the importance of teachers and attributes progress to the quality of teachers in Pakistan’s Educational System.

    Panama

    Día del Maestro

    December 1

    Death of Manuel José Hurtado

    Paraguay

    Día del Maestro

    April 30

     

    Peru

    Día del Maestro

    July 6

    During the independence of Peru, libertador don José de San Martín founded the first Normal School for Men by means of a resolution passed by Marquis of Torre-Tagle on July 6, 1822.

    Many years later, on 1953, the then president Manuel A. Odría decreed Teachers’ Day to be commemorated on the 6 of July.[9]

    Philippines

    Teacher’s day (Araw ng mga Guro)

    October 5

    By Presidential Proclamation No. 479 [10] to honor more than 500,000 teachers nationwide. However, (Tagalog:Araw ng mga Guro) in the Philippines (Teacher’s Day) is actually celebrated in schools between the months of September and October (mainly elementary and secondary levels). Teachers are presented with orchid corsages by students. Groups of students representing various grade levels perform short skits or song and dance numbers, or read poetry for their teachers in front of fellow schoolmates in school-wide activities. These activities are planned by senior students in the Student Council who coordinate the activities well in advance. For Filipino-Chinese schools, a program is usually organized by students for teachers on September 27, while September 28, considered as the actual Teacher’s Day, is a school holiday where both teachers and students are allowed to rest. September 28 was chosen because it is known as the birthday of famous Chinese philosopher Confucius [11].

    For some universities in the Metro Manila area, Catholic Teachers’ Day is celebrated on the second week of February.

    Poland

    Dzie? Nauczyciela

    October 14

    On this day is the anniversary of creation the Commission of National Education, created in 1773 from the initiative of King Stanis?aw August Poniatowski

    Russia

    ???? ???????

    October 5

    Between 1965 and 1994, the first Sunday of October. Since 1994, on October 5, to coincide with the World Teachers’ Day (est. 1994 by UNESCO).

    Singapore

     

    September 1

    An official school holiday. Celebrations are normally conducted the day before, when students get half a day off.

    Slovakia

    De? u?ite?ov

    March 28

    The birthdate of John Amos Comenius.

    South Korea

    ??? ?

    May 15 since 1963 in Seoul and 1964 in Chunju city

    Originally it was started by a group of red-cross youth team members who visited their sick ex-teachers at hospitals. The national celebration ceremony had been stopped between 1973 and 1982 and it resumed after that. On the celebration day, teachers are usually presented with carnations by their students, and both enjoy a shorter school day. Ex-students pay their respects to the former teachers by visiting them and handing a carnation. Many schools now close on Teacher’s Day because of the rampant bribery implicit in the expensive gifts often given to teachers. Schools can use the day to have an outing for the teachers.

    Republic of China (Taiwan)

    ???

    September 28

    The day honors teachers’ virtues, pains, and also their contribution not only to their own students but also to the whole society. People often make use of the day to express their gratitude to their teachers, such as paying them a visit or sending them a card. This date was chosen to commemorate the birth of Confucius, believed to be the model master educator in ancient China. In 1939, the Ministry of Education established the national holiday to be August 27, the attributed birthday of Confucius.

    In 1952, the Executive Yuan changed it to September, stating that it was calculated to be the precise date in the Gregorian calendar. The festival celebration occurs in the temples of Confucius around the island, known as the “Grand Ceremony Dedicated to Confucius” (????). The ceremony begins at 6 AM with drum beats. 54 musicians dress in robes with blue belts, 36 (or 64) dancers dress in yellow with green belts. They are led by Confucius’s chief descendant (currently Kung Te-cheng) and followed by ceremonial officers. Three animals—the cow, the goat, and the pig—are sacrificed. The hairs plucked from these sacrificed animals are called the Hairs of Wisdom. In addition, local education institutes and civil offices award certain teachers for their excellence and positive influence.

    Thailand

    ??????

    January 16

    Adopted as Teachers’ Day in the Thailand by a resolution of the government on November 21, 1956. The first Teachers’ Day was held in 1957.

    Turkey

    Ö?retmenler Günü

    November 24

    Mustafa Kemal Atatürk thought and stated that “New generation will be created by teachers.” . Atatürk was also considered as Prime Teacher (Turkish: Ba?ö?retmen), because he adopted a new alphabet for the newly founded Turkish Republic on 1923.

    United States

     

    National Teacher Day is the Tuesday

    during Teacher Appreciation Week, which takes place in the first full week of May (May 5, 2009)

    Students often show appreciation for their teachers with token gifts. The National Education Association describes National Teacher Day as “a day for honoring teachers and recognizing the lasting contributions they make to our lives”.[12]

    The NEA gives a history of National Teacher Day:[13] The origins of Teacher Day are murky. Around 1944 Wisconsin teacher Ryan Krug began corresponding with political and education leaders about the need for a national day to honor teachers. Woodbridge wrote to Eleanor Roosevelt who in 1953 persuaded the 81st Congress to proclaim a National Teacher Day. NEA along with its Kansas and Indiana state affiliates and the Dodge City (Kan. ) local lobbied Congress to create a national day celebrating teachers. Congress declared March 7, 1980, as National Teacher Day for that year only. NEA and its affiliates continued to observe Teacher Day on the first Tuesday in March until 1985, when the National PTA established Teacher Appreciation Week as the first full week of May. The NEA Representative Assembly then voted to make the Tuesday of that week National Teacher Day.

    As of September 7, 1976, September 11 was also adopted as Teachers’ Day in the U.S. state of Massachusetts. Currently, Massachusetts sets the first Sunday of June as its own Teachers’ Day, annually.

    Vietnam

    Ngày nhà giáo Vi?t Nam

    November 20

    This holiday allows students to express their respect to their teacher. Students begin preparing a week in advance, and many classes usually prepare literature and art to welcome teacher’s day, while other student prepare foods and flowers for the parties held at their schools. Students usually visit their teachers at their homes to offer flowers and small gifts, or organize trips with their teachers and classmates. Former students also pay respect to their former teachers on this day. The holiday has its origins in a meeting between educators in communist bloc nations in Warsaw in 1957. It was first celebrated in 1958 as the Day of the International Manifest of Educators; in 1982 the day is renamed Vietnamese Educators’ Day.

     

     

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  2. Volume 2 Month 8 Day 27- INTERNATIONAL STANDARD BOOK NUMBER (ISBN )

    by
    The International Standard Book Number (ISBN) is a unique International Publisher’s Identifier number, which is meant for monographic publications. ISBN is the thirteen-digit number, which replaces the handling of long bibliographic descriptive records. ISBN is known throughout the world as a short and clear machine-readable identification number, which marks any... Comment

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